Tanzania is almost twice the size of Kenya and is located in the southern hemisphere. The coastal strip with the palms in the area between beautiful bays, mountains such as the Usambara Mountains, Para Mountains, Mount Meru and of course Africa’s highest mountain in the world, the famous Kilimanjaro. But most tourists come for the parks of which the Serengeti, Ngorongoro crater, Lake Manyara, Lake Natron are the best known. Tanzania is a beautiful country with friendly people and definitely worth a visit.
Tanzania is located in the middle of Africa’s Great Lakes, namely Lake Victoria, Tanganyika and Nyasa, south of the Equator. It covers an area. of 945,087 sqkm of this, 26.4% is reserved for wildlife protection. Population: Tanzania has a population of approximately 30 million people.
Tanzania is a country without winter. Temperature varies between 15 to 28 degrees, during the days 10 to 15 degrees at night. The long rainy season starts between April and June while the short rainy season is in November.
Tanzania is divided into 26 regions and 127 districts.
Tanzania is a republic in which Zanzibar has a semi-autonomous status. The president, who is elected for five years and can be re-elected once, usually comes from the mainland. The first vice president is then the prime minister of Zanzibar, the second vice president is the prime minister of the national government.
The parliament, the National Assembly, has 156 members: 101 elected on the mainland and 55 on Zanzibar and Pemba.
Until 1992, the only allowed party was the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM), (“Party of the Revolution”). The CCM was formed in 1977 after a merger of the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) of Julius Nyerere and the Afro-Shirazi Party of Aboud Jumbe. Until 1992, the CCM clearly occupied a monopoly position and most officials were members of that party. Voters did have a choice of several candidates from that party when it came to the representative bodies. For the executive functions, the choice was limited to “yes” and “no”. The National Executive Committee (a kind of politburo) had power, there was no freedom of the press, the Tanzanian economy was a centrally planned economy.
In 1992, a multi-party system and a free market economy were introduced.
The currency in Tanzania is the Tanzanian shilling.
Tanzania has large reserves of minerals and ores such as gold, diamond, coal, iron, uranium, nickel, chromium, tin, platinum and natural gas. Natural gas is used for electricity production.
Sunset in the Serengeti, Petite market near Arusha, Makonde carvings
Tanzania has some tourist assets for game drives (the word safari means journey in Swahili):
Ngorongoro: crater with a unique wildlife population
Serengeti: game reserve, known for annual migration (shared with Kenya)
Selous: game reserve in the south of the country, with the Rufiji River
Tarangire: Natural Park in the North
Lake Manyara: game reserve known for the many flamingos
Ruaha: game reserve in the middle of the country
Kilimanjaro: highest mountain in Africa (5895 m), climbable by tourists